22114 – Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists

Broad Occupation Category

2 - Natural and applied sciences and related occupations.


2 – Occupations usually require a college diploma or apprenticeship training of two or more years; or supervisory occupations

Major Group

22 – Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences

Broad Occupation Category

221 – Technical occupations related to natural sciences

Broad Occupation Category

2211 – Technical occupations in life sciences

Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists survey and assess landscapes; draw sketches and build models of landscape designs; construct and maintain gardens, parks, golf courses and other landscaped environments; advise clients on issues related to horticulture such as irrigation; breed, cultivate and study plants; and treat injured and diseased trees and plants. They are employed by landscape designers and contractors, lawn service and tree care establishments, golf courses, nurseries and greenhouses, and municipal, provincial and national parks, or they may be self-employed.

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Example Titles

  • Arborist

  • Golf course superintendent

  • Greenskeeper

  • Horticultural technician

  • Horticulture specialist

  • Horticulturist

  • Hydroponics technician

  • Landscape architectural technician

  • Landscape designer

  • Landscape gardener

  • Landscape technician

  • Landscaper

  • Lawn care specialist

  • Tree service technician

Main Duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

Arborists and tree service technicians

  • Examine trees and shrubs to diagnose problems and disease, and apply various treatments such as pruning, spraying, repairing damaged areas and injecting with treatment solutions.

Golf course superintendents

  • Direct crews who maintain the health and appearance of golf courses and their surrounding landscapes, plant and move trees, and apply fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides.


  • Plan and coordinate the growth and use of plants for landscaping, ornamental uses and other purposes.

Landscape designers and landscape architectural technicians and technologists

  • Survey and assess sites, prepare drawings, sketches and reports and perform other duties to assist landscape architects in designing landscaped environments.

Landscape gardeners

  • Plant and maintain private and public lawns and gardens.


  • Plan and construct landscaped environments which may include trees, shrubberies, lawns, fences, decks, patios and other landscape structures.

Lawn care specialists

  • Visit clients, assess the health of lawns, and apply fertilizer, pesticides and other lawn care products.

Employment Requirements

  • Completion of a two-to-three year college program in agronomy, arboriculture, horticulture, landscaping, landscape design or landscape technology is usually required.

  • Experience as a landscape and grounds maintenance labourer may be required for golf course superintendents, landscape gardeners and landscapers.

  • An apprenticeship program is available for horticulturists, arboriculturists and landscape gardeners.

  • Trade certification for landscape horticulturists is available, but voluntary, in all provinces.

  • A provincial licence to apply chemical fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides may be required.

  • In Quebec, membership in the regulatory body is required to use the title of Professional Technologist.

  • Red Seal endorsement is also available to qualified landscape horticulturists upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.