21231 – Software engineers and designers

Broad Occupation Category

2 - Natural and applied sciences and related occupations.


1 – Occupations usually require a university degree

Major Group

21 – Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences

Broad Occupation Category

212 – Professional occupations in applied sciences (except engineering)

Broad Occupation Category

2123 – Computer, software and Web designers and developers

Software engineers and designers research, design, evaluate, integrate and maintain software applications, technical environments, operating systems, embedded software, information warehouses and telecommunications software. They are employed in information technology consulting firms, information technology research and development firms, and information technology units throughout the private and public sectors, or they may be self-employed.

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Example Titles

  • Application architect

  • Cloud infrastructure engineer

  • Cloud operations engineer

  • Computer software engineer

  • Embedded software engineer

  • Mobile development lead

  • Site reliability engineer

  • Software and information technology project manager

  • Software architect

  • Software design engineer

  • Software design project manager

  • Software design verification engineer

  • Software designer

  • Software project manager

  • Software systems integration engineer

  • Software technical architect

  • Software testing engineer

  • Telecommunications software engineer

Main Duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Collect and document users' requirements and develop logical and physical specifications

  • Research, evaluate and synthesize technical information to design, develop and test computer-based systems including mobile applications

  • Develop data, process and network models to optimize architecture and to evaluate the performance and reliability of designs

  • Plan, design and coordinate the development, installation, integration and operation of computer-based systems including mobile applications

  • Assess, test, troubleshoot, document, upgrade and develop maintenance procedures for operating systems, communications environments and applications software

  • May lead and coordinate teams of information systems professionals in the development of software and integrated information systems, process control software and other embedded software control systems.

Employment Requirements

  • A bachelor's degree, usually in computer science, computer systems engineering, software engineering or mathematics or completion of a college program in computer science is usually required.

  • A master's or doctoral degree in a related discipline may be required.

  • Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practise as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).

  • Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program, three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering, and passing a professional practice examination.

  • Experience as a computer programmer is usually required.